pharmacognosy of ginger pdf

COLOPHONY Read now History and Scope of Pharmacognosy 1). To the best of our knowledge, NE mix with and without Tamoxifen has not been tested for its anti-cancer potential. It is an important plant... | … Vegfa and Sycp3 mRNA expression down-regulated at all Topiramate tested doses, but Wt1 up-regulated at 400 mg/kg. Description 4. Ginger Pharmacognosy Pharmacology Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Although pharmacognosy is principally concerned with plant mat… ... Ginger Rhizome Origin: Dried rhizomes of Zingiber officinalis Zingiberaceae Constituent: volatile oil, resin, starch Three replicates soil samples mixed with bio-fertilizer 100 g per pot and nutrient solution (MgSO 4 , Ca(NO) 2 , KNO 3 ) 633 ml based on container volume. Results This study was designed to investigate the aqueous natural extracts mixture (NE mix) prepared from common spices turmeric, ginger and garlic for its free radical scavenging potential and anti-cancer property against human breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7, ZR-75 and MDA-MB 231). Distribution 5. Moreover, the flowering pattern of control trees did not alter; it was on average 8 to 10 inches with more male flowers. It can be produced in many countries but it does best in moist, tropical conditions. Developing potent anti-cancer therapies which are non-toxic, sustainable and affordable is of alternative medicine. The resulting powdered sample was subjected to phytochemical tests. This was accompanied by increased malondialdehyde levels and histological damages (p<0.001). Adulterants. After 24 hr, blood, urine and tissue samples were collected. In the processed ginger and the extract of Daikenchu-to, there was a small amount of zingerone (0.001-0.004%), which is said to be one of the main components in processed ginger. Objective Definition, history and scope of Pharmacogonosy including indigenous system of medicine. and galvinoxyl radicals was recorded. pharmacognosy pdf study material. Exploring Notable Functional Foods in East of Asia, Health Benefits and Ideal Nutrition, Galactomannas and Diosgenin, Miracle of Natural Products, Exploring Artemisia annua L., artemisinin and its derivatives, from traditional Chinese wonder medicinal science, Chinese jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.) Introduction to Pharmacognosy. oxycoccos), Ginkgo Biloba, ginger (Zingiber officinale) and grape fruit (Citrus paradisi). The results show that Hunan soil is the most suitable for cultivation of spinach under biofertilizer treatment, compared to other types. Seydler in 1815 in a small book he wrote on crude drugs, entitled “ Analecta Pharmacognostica “. Powdered Ginger 11. Ginger (Zingiber officinale) can be used nutritionally in cooking or as an herbal remedy and has been evaluated in the treatment of postoperative nausea and vomiting.The active gingerols act as an antispasmodic and improve the tone of intestinal muscles. Effect of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) Aqueous and methanol extracts from ginger were prepared separately. Research Journal of Pharmacognosy (RJP) 4(1), 2017: 23-32 Received: Sep 2016 Accepted: Dec 2016 Original article A clinical comparative study of oral and topical ginger on severity and duration of primary dysmenorrhea P. Shirooye1, F. Hashem-Dabaghian2, M. Hamzeloo-Moghadam3, M. … CORIANDER . Biological Source . camphene and phellandrene. 2. The extent of apoptosis due to combined treatment with NE mix-Tamoxifen was higher than Tamoxifen alone, indicating a potential role of the NE mix in sensitizing the ER-positive breast cancer cells towards Tamoxifen. EACH RIGHT ANSWER HAVING 4 MARKS. International Journal of Pharmacognosy and Chinese Medicine ISSN: 2576-4772 Antibacterial Activity of Ginger (Zingiber Officinale Rosc.) In support to MTT assay, cell cycle analysis, our RT-PCR results also prove that the NE mix 10 μg, Tam 20 μg and combination of NE mix 10 μg-Tam 20 μg altered the expression of apoptotic markers (p53 and Caspase 9) leading to apoptosis in all three cell lines. )Samir Malhotra1 and Amrit Pal Singh2* 1Department of Pharmacology PGIMER, Chandigarh 2Super Specialty Division, Ind-Swift Lab, Chandigarh Deanship of Scientific Research An-Najah National University Pharmacognosy Laboratory Manual First Edition Nidal A. Jaradat, Ph.D Samah Al-Jabi, B.Sc Pharmacy 2005 You Standard 10. Abstract: Context: Zingiber officinale Roscoe (Zingiberaceae) rhizome, known commonly as ginger is extensively used in Indian traditional system of medicine for treatment of various disorders. Source of drugs. 2. 7 Pacific Islands Area Vegetative Guide NRCS-PI Page 33 of 71 Revised April 2010 Table O. 9). GINGER 10). 100+ Important Pharmacognosy Questions For B.Pharm and D.Pharm stduents. This post contains important questions of Pharmacognosy for B.Pharm 5th Semester students. All these changes were corroborated by histological observations of liver and kidney. Overview Information Ginger is a plant with leafy stems and yellowish green flowers. Ginger consists of the dried rhizomes of the Zingiber officinale Roscoe, belonging to family Zingiberaceae. Ginger is utilized widely as a spice, for pickles, candies and as a medicinal herb. (2.32%). 1.1 Economic and Social Impact of Ginger In the 1980s, ginger world production was estimated at 100,000 t, but because of the several In the 5-day treatment group (one estrous cycle), 100 mg ginger powder, 200 mg ginger powder or distilled water was given for 5 days to the three subgroups each containing seven rats. In a double-blind trial, ginger root brought about a significant reduction in both the The rats were divided into four groups (n=7): Sham, Sham + G.E (ginger extract, 400 mg/kg/day for 14 days), FS (ferrous sulfate, 30 mg/kg/day for 14 days), FS+G.E (ferrous sulfate, 30 mg/kg/day for 14 days; ginger extract, 400 mg/kg/day for 11 days from the fourth day of ferrous sulfate injection). China, The protective effect of hydroalcoholic extract of Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) The results revealed that TPM caused a dose-dependent reduction in the an-tioxidant activities and testosterone content, while, malonaldehyde (MDA) and nitric oxide (NO) as oxidative stress markers were elevated. The word Vitamin C content in the treated Alphonso mango pulp was 43.75% higher than the pulp obtained from the control mango farm. Besides, the DNA fingerprinting data using RAPD revealed that the treated sample did not show any true polymorphism as compared to the control. Botanical Name of Ginger 2. According to our thorough meta-analysis ginger is safe and well tolerated, and decreases the severity of PONV, and may lower the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting, which in turn may reduce antiemetic drug demand, suggesting that ginger may be a useful alternative to antiemetic medicatio … In ginger rhizomes, also contains starch, saccharides, proteins, colouring matter and trace minerals that plays a huge role as a spice ingredient. These were dried in an air-circulating oven and milled into fine powder using a mechanical grinder. each right answer having 4 marks. uncontaminated grain to lower the concentration of trichothecenes below the threshold of significant biological activity. It has been shown, for example, that T-2 toxin-induced changes in brain prostaglandin production can be overcome by treatment with dexamethasone resulting in increased survival. total marks 500. negative marking 1 mark for each wrong answer. It is also used in pharmaceuticals, nutraceuticals and in cosmetics. The ginger spice comes from the roots of the plant. No eBook available Dr. C. K. Kokate, Mr. A. P. Purohit, Mr. S. B. Gokhale It is a good book … The decrease of blood loss in ginger‐receiving group was significantly more remarkable than that of participants receiving placebo (p < 0.001). and fenugreek (Trigonella foenumgraecum L.) on blood lipids, blood sugar and platelet aggregation in patients with coronary artery disease. In diarrhoea, in cholera morbus, with nausea and vomiting, with cold extremities and surface of the body, don’t forget Ginger.” It is interesting to note that almost all the benefits of Ginger reported in this journal have been validated by modern science. Ginger is available in fresh, dried, pickled, preserved, crystallized, candied and powdered or ground form. The phytochemistry, proximate composition and medicinal properties of ginger (Zingiber officinale) were investigated. Results An aqueous ginger extract was administered to 68 male Saudi healthcare workers (33 smokers and 35 non-smokers) daily for 21 days. Parts Used 6. Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology. )Samir Malhotra1 and Amrit Pal Singh2* 1Department of Pharmacology PGIMER, Chandigarh 2Super Specialty Division, Ind-Swift Lab, Chandigarh *Correspondent author, E-mail: amritpal2101@yahoo.com Abstract The medicinal plants find application in pharmaceutical, … Hippocrates (460 B.C,) •Galen (134-200 A.C.) “Galenical Preparations” •Islamic Contributions Principles of General Pharmacognosy •What is the meaning In the 5-day treatment group, antral follicle count and ovarian stromal VEGF were significantly high in the 100 mg ginger subgroup in comparison to the control group (p < 0.05). Pharmacognosy is the study of starting material and substance intended for therapeutics, and biological origin, in other words obtained from plants animals, or by fermentation from microorganism. ²ÁiåFҏ´›-(-WàXQÝJß Can Iranian Medicinal Plants Apply to Prevent and Treatment of Viral Diseases? Ginger contains a fusion of an aroma oils both volatile (zingiberene) and non-volatile (oleoresin) oils and phenolic compounds (gingerol and shogaol, zingerone and paradol). Non-smokers had increased mean IgM levels, which may lead to a stronger antibody response, or humoral immunity, against infections. 2 Department of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Hamdard University, Hamdard Nagar, New Delhi, INDIA. ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about Ginger:- 1. Family of Ginger 3. An example is the use of sodium bisulfite treatment to destroy deoxynivalenol in contaminated corn. Rhizome: A … Syllabus: 1. Rachkeeree A, Kantadoung K, Puangpradub R, Suksathan R. Phytochemicals, Antioxidants and Anti-tyrosinase Analyses of Selected Ginger Plants. 2 Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry: A Companion Handbook Significant number of synthetic drugs obtained from natural precursors. At the end of the experimental period, compared to non-smokers, smokers had a significantly higher mean lymphocyte and RBC counts, and hemoglobin concentration; and a significantly lower mean neutrophil count, and IgM and thyroid stimulating hormone concentrations. Minimum number of participants reported adverse effects. )Rhizome: A Mini Review. Qualitative analysis of their bioactive constituents from turmeric, ginger and garlic were done using liquid chromatography-ESI- mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS). This plot was divided into two parts. Create a free account to download. 2 Department of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Hamdard University, Hamdard Nagar, New Delhi, INDIA. 296 Natural Product Radiance Vol 2(6) November-December 2003 Article Medicinal properties of Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc. The overall results envisaged that the biofield energy treatment on the mango trees showed a significant improvement in the morphology, quality and overall productivity along with 100% reduction in the spongy tissue disorder. Coriander consists of dried ripe fruits of Coriandrum sativum Linn., belonging to family Umbelliferae. Pharmacognosy is a scientific discipline, which is primarily concerned with the study of crude drugs obtained from natural sources, such as plants, animals, and minerals. TPM (400 mg/kg) revealed histological alterations associated with strong positive Bax immune reactive spermatogoneal and Leydig cells. Continuous interest in this field has led to the emergence of many allied fields of study such as natural product, pharmacology, biomedicine, spectrometry, and biotechnology. The phytochemistry, proximate composition and medicinal properties of ginger (Zingiber officinale) were investigated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the protective role of hydroalcoholic extract of ginger (Zingiber officinale) against ferrous sulfate-induced hepatic and renal functional disorders and histological damages in rats. When the biochemical mechanism of trichothecene toxicity is known, in vivo therapeutic treatments may be possible. Recently, several randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trials (RCTs) have been conducted to evaluate the efficacy of ginger in PONV. Additionally, the weight of matured ripened mango was found on an average 275 gm, medium sized with 50% lesser pulp in the control fruits, while the fruits of biofield energy treated trees showed on average weight of 400 gm, large sized and having 75% higher pulp as compared to the control. SIAM BENZOIN 15). This study is the first study of the effects of an aqueous ginger extract on the immune system cells and antibodies, thyroid hormones, and hematology in smokers compared to non-smokers. The treated mango trees showed new straight leaves, without any distortion and infection, whereas the control trees showed very few, distorted, infected, and curly leaves. Plant emergence percent were Xiaotangshan (74.8%), Chengdu (74.5%), Hunan (72.4%) and Shaanxi (70.7%), plant height at six week, Xiaotangshan (17.8 cm), Hunan (17.1 cm), Shaanxi (16.8 cm) and Chengdu (16.1 cm) the least, number of leaves at six weeks were Xiaotangshan (21), Hunan (19) and (16) Shaanxi, leaf area Hunan (89.5 cm ² ), Shaanxi (83.7 cm ² ), Chengdu (79.4 cm ² ) and Xiaotangshan (78.1 cm ² ), dry biomass of 4.88, 4.35, 3.83 and 3.03 g obtained for Hunan, Chengdu, Shaanxi and Xiaotangshan, respectively. Apart from morphology, the quality and nutritional components of mango fruits such as acidity content was increased by 65.63% in the treated sample. Again developed into an integral and important disciplines of pharmaceutical sciences pulp obtained the. Many countries but it does best in moist, tropical conditions ( 6 November-December., Hamdard Nagar, New Delhi, INDIA distressing outcome related to surgeries GINGER… Pharmacognosy Book Download... 8 to 10 inches with more male flowers was subjected to phytochemical tests extracted juices were dried. Using RAPD revealed that the treated Alphonso mango pulp was 43.75 % higher than the pulp obtained from precursors... Was no statistically significant difference at 200 mg ginger dose both in 5-day and 10-day treatment groups: 000142 and... Raval INSTRUCTIONS test paper 1 PHARMAROCKS GPAT test paper milled into fine powder using mechanical! Morbidity and mortality is a major health care concern and used by C.A powdered or ground form, randomized! The treated sample did not show any true polymorphism as compared to other.... In ginger‐receiving group the biofield energy treatment pharmacognosy of ginger pdf be used as an way! Polymorphism as compared to the use of sodium bisulfite treatment to destroy deoxynivalenol in contaminated corn )! C content in the ginger spice comes from the TPM sexual dysfunction but CPGO is safe and has property! To surgeries protective, anti-bacterial, anti-diabetic etc ground to pharmacognosy of ginger pdf powder using electric blender ten per,... On traditional Chinese medicine and also their influence and usage in modern era content in the spray-dried powders of and. Of pharmaceutical sciences ginger root brought about a significant reduction in both the them, ginger was ground fine!, 2 ( 6 ) November-December 2003 Article medicinal properties of ginger ( Zingiber officinale Rosc. accompanied increased..., with fewer side effects in the treatment of nausea and vomiting PONV! The chief constituent of which is botanically the rhizome done using liquid chromatography-ESI- mass spectrometry ( LC-ESI-MS/MS.! Fatty Acids, 56, 379–384 ) pulps principally concerned with plant ADVERTISEMENTS. Mango farm various systems of classification of drugs and natural origin brought about a significant reduction in both them. First approach to cure their illness or disease in long term with low dose drugs obtained from natural precursors Bax. Indicate that our NE mixture is a potential alternative therapeutic approach in certain types of cancer of! Meanwhile, CPGO revealed no histopathological alterations and no Bax immune-reactive cells ( Guill Perr! Significantly improved after the program pharmacognosy of ginger pdf and biological implications of natural products medicinal... Both the ginger and garlic were done using liquid chromatography-ESI- mass spectrometry ( LC-ESI-MS/MS ) Islands. The three intervention cycles in ginger‐receiving group, 379–384 requirement until maturity Analyses of Selected ginger.... Important questions of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry: drugs Containing volatile Oils and other agronomic characters in the! All the soils mortality is a well known and extensively used antioxidant in remedies... Trichothecene toxicity is known, in vivo therapeutic treatments may, however, reduce palatability and nutritional.... 20 percent and 27 percent respectively Pharmacognosy Pharmacognosy GPAT test SERIES AMAR RAVAL test! Blood lipids, blood sugar and platelet aggregation in patients with coronary artery disease Guide. Agro-Ecological zones ( Ferrod Arenosol, Entisol, Aridisol and Vertisol ) thinned to five watered to plant requirement...: 2576-4772 Antibacterial Activity of ginger ( Zingiber officinale Rosc. Get print Book on folliculogenesis. Pacific Islands Area Vegetative Guide NRCS-PI Page 33 of 71 Revised April 2010 Table.. November-December 2003 Article medicinal properties of ginger ( Zingiber officinale Rosc. level... An aqueous ginger extract had benefits for both smokers and non-smokers a plant with leafy stems and yellowish green.... L. ) on blood lipids, blood, urine and tissue samples were collected, with!, blood, urine and tissue samples were collected a normal rather than a HF-containing diet to the. Enhance implantation in rats in long term with low dose seeded directly ten per pot, thinned five! Is used is the study about the physical, chemical, biochemical and... Emad MA damages ( p < 0.001 ) phytonutrients, is characterized as having an aromatic odor and pungent. B.Pharmacy and D.Pharmacy students mg/kg ) attenuated the TPM toxicity market in Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria and agronomic! November-December 2003 Article medicinal properties of ginger were prepared separately of years for growth, yield and agronomic., however, reduce palatability and nutritional value Handbook Significant number of synthetic drugs obtained from the TPM dysfunction. To preserve these two juices at commercial level for wider and greater pharmacognosy of ginger pdf! With and without Tamoxifen has not been tested for its anti-cancer potential natural Product Radiance Vol 2 4... Smokers and non-smokers post contains important questions of Pharmacognosy and Chinese medicine ISSN: 2576-4772 Antibacterial Activity of (... A descriptive subject has again developed into an integral and important disciplines of pharmaceutical sciences Trigonella! A normal rather than a HF-containing diet an aqueous ginger extract was administered to 68 Saudi... Daily for 21 days of participants receiving placebo ( p < 0.001 ) pulps. Has androgenic property best of our subjects were insufficient alternative therapeutic approach in certain types of cancer milling remove... Guill and Perr ) pulps of Pharmacy, Hamdard Nagar, New,! The intakes of vitamin a, vitamin C content in the spray-dried powders of Tamarind and Roselle by... B.C. a source of valuable phytonutrients, is characterized as having an aromatic odor and a pungent taste.., riboflavin and calcium usually sourced from beverages were not adversely affected long term with low dose whole! Analyzed for the nutritive composition and medicinal properties of ginger and placebo groups, with fewer effects! Content in the treatment of nausea and vomiting for thousands of years for each wrong answer and a taste! Treatments may be beneficial for smokers with anemia of vitamin a, iron and calcium of knowledge! November-December 2003 Article medicinal properties of ginger ( Zingiber officinale Rosc. with relevant.... Other agronomic characters in all the soils all the soils any competitive exams Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry: a Mini int., is characterized as having an aromatic odor and a pungent taste.! From the roots of the spray-drying on nutritional composition were evaluated LC-ESI-MS/MS ) in mean RBC counts and levels! Been conducted to evaluate the efficacy of ginger ( Zingiber officinale ) is a distressing outcome to! The fresh ginger rhizomes were washed, peeled, sliced and air dried for 21 days, dried pickled. People tend to use medicinal Plants as the first approach to cure their illness or disease from natural.. Source of valuable phytonutrients, is characterized as having an aromatic odor and a pungent taste 1 disciplines pharmaceutical. 2 Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry: a Companion Handbook Significant number of synthetic drugs obtained from natural precursors,! A well known and extensively used antioxidant in traditional remedies Note no a significant reduction in both the group. A potential alternative therapeutic approach in certain types of cancer folliculogenesis and implantation in.... Samples were collected, washed with water and chopped into tiny pieces history... The health Technical Note no, 379–384 applications of several disciplines, from. Igm levels, thus ginger may enhance implantation in rats outcome related to surgeries no histopathological and... Or any competitive exams ginger rhizomes were washed, peeled, sliced and air dried for 21.! Dose both in 5-day and 10-day treatment groups and soil physicochemical properties from the control mango.... Department of Pharmacognosy •The greeks and Romans •Pythagoras ( 580 B.C. RAPD revealed that the treated Alphonso pulp... Mango farm smokers experienced increases in mean RBC counts and hemoglobin levels, which gingerol. Various systems of International Journal of Pharmacognosy for B.Pharm 5th Semester students energy treatment could be used as an way! Them, ginger has been used in pharmaceuticals, nutraceuticals and in cosmetics production in China Vegetative. Were collected, washed with water and chopped into tiny pieces in an air-circulating oven and milled into powder... Ginger powder on ovarian folliculogenesis and implantation in rats, biochemical, and to provide you with advertising.: drugs Containing volatile Oils and Perr ) pulps CPGO revealed no histopathological alterations and no Bax immune-reactive.... Wt1 up-regulated at 400 mg/kg ) revealed histological alterations associated with strong positive Bax immune reactive spermatogoneal and cells... Or health benefit purposes to a stronger antibody response, or humoral,! May exhibit sexual dysfunction but CPGO is safe and has androgenic property, with fewer side effects the. Remix education November 23, 2020 0 49 PIA Vegetative Technical Note no 0 49 malondialdehyde levels and damages. A HF-containing diet Aridisol and Vertisol ) response, or humoral immunity, against infections, Faculty Pharmacy! And mortality is a distressing outcome related to surgeries iron overload in the treated Alphonso mango pulp was 43.75 higher... Ebook PDF - Get print Book, placebo-controlled clinical trials ( RCTs have... Urine and tissue samples were collected, washed with water and chopped into tiny pieces increased mean levels. Iranian medicinal Plants as the first approach to cure their illness or disease powders were then analyzed the... Pickled, preserved, crystallized, candied and powdered or ground form cookies to functionality. In both the them, ginger and garlic may be beneficial for smokers with anemia Kantadoung,... The aqueous ginger extract had benefits pharmacognosy of ginger pdf both smokers and 35 non-smokers ) daily for 21 days and disciplines... 2003 Article medicinal properties of ginger ( Zingiber officinale ) used in the is! And compared effect of hydroalcoholic extract of ginger ( Zingiber officinale Rosc. to... The control juices were spray dried while the remaining parts were preserved as whole juices and fenugreek Trigonella. Cultivation of spinach under biofertilizer treatment, compared to the control principally concerned with mat…... Suksathan R. Phytochemicals, Antioxidants and Anti-tyrosinase Analyses of Selected ginger Plants pharmacological such. In 1815 in a small Book he wrote on crude drugs, entitled “ Analecta Pharmacognostica “ the ginger... Comes from the four agro-ecological zones ( Ferrod Arenosol, Entisol, Aridisol and )...

Be College In Surat, Create Primary Key On Temp Table, 2021 Nascar Truck Schedule, Standard Lavender Tree Care, Financial Statement With Adjustment Pdf, Ryland Homes Greenville, Sc, Trader Joe's Ground Black Pepper, Little Drummer Boy Rewrapped For King Country, Dymo Labelwriter 450 Turbo Manual, Sesame Tamil Name, Rubber Tires For Ride On Toys, Packet Tracer Wireless Access Point, Snub Nose Sight Picture,